LUGARD DUAL MANDATE PDF

L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Lugard: The Dual Mandate 2 translated into practice admits of wide differences of opinion and method. Obviously the extent to which native races are capable of. Lugard conceded that British methods had not produced ideal results a strong guiding principle of British rule, part of its “dual mandate” of reciprocal benefit.

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Also, indirect rule, by utilizing the traditional elite who exercised local authority directly over the people, minimized contacts between British colonial officials and Africans, which greatly reduced friction between the two groups.

Funding of the colony of Nigeria in the development of state’s infrastructure such as harbours, railways and hospitals in Southern Nigeria came from revenue generated by taxes on imported alcohol. He had submitted a proposal for the Convention to the British government.

The emirs were highly autocratic. InLugard returned to Nigeria as Governor of the two protectorates. It was adopted by colonial officials in a number of British possessions such as Sierra Leone, the Gold Coast, and Uganda.

The Rulers of British Africa — 1st ed. Unlike northern and southwestern Nigeria, the provinces in the southeast did not possess the centralized political system required for indirect rule to work. Lugard believed that, at the grassroots, traditional authority would constitute an effective instrument in enforcing colonial policies, administrating justice in local disputes, maintaining law and order, and collecting taxes.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These chiefs would lose their political autonomy and become subordinated to the authority of colonial mxndate agents such as the resident or the district officer.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

Their first interior trading post was established at Lugarf miles in from the coast. The Colonial Office called the idea of a university “Sir Frederick’s pet lamb”. Throughout his tenure, he sought strenuously to secure the amelioration of the condition of the native people, among other means by the exclusion, wherever possible, of alcoholic liquors, and by the suppression of slave raiding and slavery. Britain as a colonizing power thus had a dual mandate: In the African Lakes Company set up a base in Karonga to exchange ivory for trade goods from these Swahili merchants.

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The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

His book is a masterpiece of literature and policymaking, though contemporary readers will find his defense of British colonialism in Africa racist and paternalistic. Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He loathed the educated and sophisticated Africans of the coastal regions. Early 20th-century European poses with African Pigmies Wikimedia. Since he was childless, the barony became extinct. Theoretically powerful, Yoruba traditional rulers, the obas, were restrained by a complex system of checks and balances.

There were no children from the marriage. Stanley during the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition. In the place of missing authoritarian rulers, Lugard simply manufactured his own chiefs and equipped them with political authority to rule over a people unfamiliar to a system of kingship. In the southwest among the Yoruba, it encountered some problems and was less successful.

In the southeast, indirect rule proved utterly unworkable among the Igbo and other groups. One of his famed blood partnerships was sealed in October during his journey to Uganda when he stopped at Dagoretti in Kikuyu territory and entered into an alliance with Waiyaki wa Hinga.

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The attempts of rulers to forcibly collect imposed colonial taxes bred discontentment in some parts lugars Yorubaland. For Lugard, it was also vital that Britain gain control of unclaimed areas before GermanyPortugal or France claimed the land and its resources for themselves.

Some of his justifications included spreading Christianity and ending ‘barbarism’ such as human sacrifice.

Africans and Britons in the Age of Empires, He reasoned that black Africans were very different from white Europeans, although he did speculate on the admixture of Aryan or Hamitic blood arising from the advent of Islam among the Hausa and Fulani. Proconsular Imperialism in Southern and Eastern Africa, Head of Zeus Ltd.

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DUAL MANDATE, AFRICA (Western Colonialism)

The White Tribe of Kenya. Governors of Hong Kong. Following the Fulani jihad ofthe hitherto individualistic and competing Hausa states became united under a strong centralized theocratic state known as the Sokoto Caliphate. She died in January ; Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 Aprilaged He also saw state-sponsored lugarrd as a way to protect missionaries, local chiefs and local people from each other, as well as from foreign powers.

Some believed that if the proposal were carried through, Hong Kong might forever remain in British hands. Arounda group of Swahili traders under Mlozi bin Kazbadema established trading bases in the north-west sector of Lake Malawiincluding a stockade at Chilumba on the lake from where ivory and slaves could be shipped across the lake.

Catalog Record: The dual mandate in British tropical Africa | Hathi Trust Digital Library

According to Lugard, Britain held a dual responsibility in Africa: A Concise History of Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press. But the established traditional route to Machakos was a treacherous journey through the ljgard Taru Desert—93 miles of scorching dust bowl. Although, the Yoruba possessed a centralized political system, it was less autocratic than the Sokoto Caliphate. Lugard pushed for native rule in African colonies.

It was a concept in which existing African traditional political institutions were preserved and incorporated into the colonial administrative system for local governance. Nonetheless, The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is illuminating for readers seeking to understand the foundations of British colonial policies in Africa. Under this system, local administrative powers resided in the native authority made up of traditional rulers or chiefs with jurisdiction over a native treasury and native courts.

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