He described the Ginkgo in his work “Amoenitatum Exoticarum” (Lemgo, ). It is assumed that Kaempfer saw a Ginkgo tree for the first time in his life in Nagasaki in February Later Kaempfer brought Ginkgo-seeds to Holland. KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT, German physician and traveler to Russia, the Orient, and the Far East (b. Lemgo, Westphalia, 16 September ;. English: Engelbert Kaempfer (September 16, – November 2, ), a German naturalist and physician is known for his tour of Russia.
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Lemgo, Westphalia, 16 September ; d.
Kaempferr, 2 November He was one of the keenest observers of foreign cultures of his time. Although his observations while in Persia did much to enhance Western knowledge of the Safavid court and the site of Persepolis, it is for his oft-translated description of Japan that he is best remembered in Europe.
englbert The first biographical study was written by the Swiss Johann Caspar Scheuchzer, who translated his magnum opus into English Kaempfer, Today most of his archives are preserved in the British Library, the British Museum, laempfer the Natural History Museum in London, except kaempfr a few documents scattered in various locations in England and Germany Bonn, He then traveled to Poland and Prussia, where he pursued the life of engelhert wandering student, moving from one university to another and focusing mainly on medicine and foreign languages.
Having chosen to settle down in Swedenwhere he enrolled at Uppsala University, he won the esteem of several influential notables, through whom he was finally appointed as secretary to a legation destined for the Russian and Persian courts The purpose of the Swedish legation was to gain direct access to the much-coveted Oriental goods and raw materials, thereby avoiding the added costs of the Dutch carrying trade and of the long sea routes off South Africa.
A first attempt had failed in On July 10, it reached Moscow. Here Fabritius had to negotiate the terms karmpfer the storage of the materials bought for Persia. During the journey Kaempfer exhibited a constant interest in historical sites, landscapes, and natural curiosities. He interviewed inhabitants, travelers, or soldiers, asking for information about local features. On various occasions he left kampfer Swedish group to visit special sites, such as Mount Barmach and, nearby, the oil sources of the Apsheron peninsula near Baku.
He had clearly intended to provide a description of his travels that would provide more detailed information than those already furnished by his predecessors. His method entailed collecting as much data as possible in order to convey a complete picture of a foreign culture to his readers. When Kaempfer arrived in Isfahan he followed his inquiries while employed at the Swedish legation. During eengelbert nearly month stay in Isfahan March 29, November 20, he carried out a methodological survey of the town.
He walked several times through it, visited various gardens and places, and completed a comprehensive investigation of its structure.
His manuscripts in the British Library reveal how intensively he tried to understand the plan engeblert the Persian capital. A rough list gives an kqempfer of his persevering diligence: The diplomatic aim of the Swedish legation in Engelbery brought Kaempfer to the court, where he could observe Persian customs, manners, and rituals.
All this is laid out in pages in quarto. He was the best guide Kaempfer could have met, and he gave him precious advice; he even wrote for him a short text, De Persia Sloane Mss.
Kaempfer stayed in Isfahan until the end kaempder the Swedish negotiations. Afterwards he decided not to return with the legation, but to proceed further into Asia for more studies. To this end he entered the service of the V. Dutch East Indies Company: The fruits of this travel are detailed descriptions of various sites in the second part engelbedt the Amoenitates: Here Kaempfer left the caravan to investigate the Achaemenid and Sasanian ruins.
During three days from Decemberhe examined every structure belonging to the palaces and other buildings almost without taking any time off. His descriptions, along with those of Jean Chardin and Cornelis de Bruijnlay the groundwork for further research. Kaempfer meticulously measured the sites as far he was able, but he could not recognize the significance of the arrangement of buildings, though he did understand their secular and princely character as a residence of a Persian ruler.
Of paramount importance is his drawing of a part of the inscriptions, later printed in the Amoenitatesp.
As early asthe Philosophical Transactions No. However, he and Chardin have been severely criticized by Cornelis de Bruijn for their allegedly inaccurate descriptions and drawings see DE BRUIJNthough de Bruijn fails to mention that he himself had stayed there nearly three months November to the end of January and, as a learned artist, had drawn all the structures directly from nature as Kaempfer had doneand that he had a better engraver than Kaempfer.
Because of the tropical climate, he soon fell ill and nearly died.
Category:Engelbert Kaempfer – Wikimedia Commons
Though Kaempfer did not, as his predecessors had done, unveil the mystery of the sexuality of the date palm tree, his observations are in many areas the basis of modern botanical research. Ehgelbert engravings of the harvest in a date garden, the lodging of owners and incoming workers, and the musical instruments which are played after the harvest are, in comparison to other engravings of the Amoenitatesimpressive and lively Amoenitatesbetween pp. He was to kaekpfer in Japan from September 24, to October 30,another most rewarding part of his travels in Asia.
Kaempfer returned from Asia in October and enrolled at the University of Leiden. Having finished his thesis, he graduated on April 22, as a Doctor of Medicine. Slightly altered, it is also incorporated as part three in the Amoenitates Amoenitates, pp. The chapters on torpedo fish, mummy mumiyehand the Dracunculus worm are especially related to Persia see Bowers and Carruba,; Amoenitates, pp. Returning home in AugustKaempfer bought the Steinhof in Lieme, a small village near Lemgo, and practiced as a surgeon.
On November 8, he married the young Maria Sophia Wilstach, with whom he had three children, who all died kaempver their infancy. Being surgeon at the court in Detmold took too much time and prevented him from engaging in further research, and he felt embittered for having venues and kaempferr barred kaempffer him in his final years.
Kaempfer was one of the greatest European travelers and scientists of the late 17th century. He reached new heights in describing foreign cultures. His description of the Persian court and of Japan had a great impact on European discourse well into the 19th century.
I, Heutiges Ehgelbert aed.
Terwiel; II, Briefe bed. Terwiel; V, Notitiae Malabaricae ced. Gaur; VI, Russlandtagebuch ded. Flora Japonicarepr.
Muntschick, Wiesbaden, [contains the fifth part of the Amoenitates ]. Geschichte und Beschreibung von Japan. Aus den Originalhandschriften des VerfassersLemgo,2 vols. Icones selectae plantarum, quas in Japonia collegit et delineavit Engelbertus KaempferLondon ; repr. Die Geschichte der Dattelpalmeed. Muntschick, Marburg, [contains the fourth part of the Amoenitates ]. Curious Scientific and Medical Observations.
Fascicle IIIed. Papers of Engelbert Kaempfer — and related sources from the British Library10 reels, 35 mm positive microfilm, Marlborough, Wiltshire, [contains the manuscripts of the British Library]. Idem and Derek Massarella, eds. Idem, Engelbert Kaempfer Haberland, Von Lemgo nach Japan.
Englebert Kaempfer Part 1 – History of Soybeans and Soyfoods in the United States
A Biographytr. Peter Hogg, London, [enlarged and revised tr. Beschreibung seiner Japanreise und ihre Wirkung im European Travelers on the Iranian Monuments: Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online. If you enter several tags, separate with commas. Topic select a topic Detlef Haberland Originally Published: September 15, Last Updated: April 19, This article is available in print.
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