CDMAONE ARCHITECTURE PDF

CDMAOne covers larger areas and consumes less power than the other Figure describes the CDMAOne architecture, with its corresponding interfaces. IS (Interim Standard 95) CdmaOne Network Architecture. CDMA Packet Data. In this section we describe the core packet data architecture associated with the CDMA radio interface. This architecture is.

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It is this xrchitecture specification that is synonymous with cdmaOne. Apart from voice the mobile phone system is also able to carry data at rates up to The idea for using the form of modulation known as direct sequence spread spectrum DSSS for a multiple access system for mobile telecommunications came from a California based company called Qualcomm in the s.

CDMA2000 Packet Data

Previously DSSS had been mainly used for military or covert communications systems as the transmissions were hard to detect, jam and eavesdrop. The system involved multiplying the required data with another data stream with a much higher arcbitecture rate.

Known as a spreading code, this widened the bandwidth required for the transmission, spreading it over a wide frequency band. Only when the original spreading code was used in the reconstruction of the data, would the original information be reconstituted. It was reasoned that by having different spreading codes, a multiple access system could be created for use in a mobile phone system.

In order to prove that the new system was viable a consortium was set up and Qualcomm was joined by US network operators Nynex and Ameritech to architecturee the first experimental code division multiple access CDMA system.

Its purpose is to promote CDMA and evolve the technology and standards, although today most of the standards work is carried out by 3GPP2.

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IS-95, cdmaOne

It then took a further three years before Hutchison Telecom became the first organisation to launch a system. With the success of the initial IS95 format, improvements were made and cdmaome standard was upgraded to IS95B. The main improvement was that this provided for an increased data rate of kbps as data traffic was starting to be carried.

The basic CDMA system was later further improved and evolved into a 3G system carrying much higher data rates and introducing new improvements.

IS, cdmaOne | Electronics Notes

The 3G migration of IS95 was given the brand name cdma, and was available in a variety of flavours including cdma 1x, cdma 1x ev-do evolution data only or data optimised and another version was termed cdma 1x ev-dv evolution data and voicealthough this version was never seriously deployed. The CDMA or code division multiple access system used for IS is very different to other multiple access schemes used in previous cellular systems.

Ccmaone it offers a number of advantages and as a result has been widely used in many cellular technologies. CDMA is a form of multiple access system based upon direct sequence spread spectrum technology.

DSSS is a form of radio transmission where the data to be transmitted is multiplied with a high data archihecture bit sequence and cdjaone modulated onto an RF carrier to produce a signal with a much wider bandwidth than data alone.

To reconstitute the data at the receiver the same high data rate bit sequence is used to extract the data from the signal. By havng multiple code sequences many different remotes can access the same base station.

The improvement in efficiency is hard cdamone define as it depends on many factors including the size of the cells and the level of interference between cells and several other factors.

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Unlike the more traditional cellular systems where neighbouring cells use different sets of architeecture, a CDMA system re-uses the same channels. Signals from other cells will be appear as interference, but the system is able to extract the required signal by using the correct code in the demodulation and signal extraction process. Often more than one channel is used in each cell, and this provides additional capacity because there is a cdjaone to the amount of traffic that can be supported on each channel.

IS, cdmaOne was a revolutionary system for cellular telecommunications. It enabled greater levels of spectrum efficiency to be gained while also allowing many other improvements to be introduced. IS itself evolved into the variety of cdmaond schemes including 1x, 1x ev-do, and the plans were ultimately to migrate onto a 4G system known as UMB – Ultra-Mobile Broadband. However IS proved to be a winner in many areas of the globe, particularly in the Americas and the Far East.

IS history The idea for using the form of modulation known archifecture direct sequence spread spectrum DSSS for a multiple access system for mobile telecommunications came from a California based company called Qualcomm in the s.

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